Head Injuries, Limbic System, Basal Ganglia,
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Limbic System: Amygdala, Hippocampus, Hypothalamus, Septal Nuclei, Cingulate
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Head Injuries, Concussions & Brain Damage: Cerebral and Cranial Trauma, Skull Fractures….
Basal Ganglia, Brainstem, Cerebellum, Striatum, Thalamus: Caudate, Putamen, Globus Pallidus...
Frontal Lobes: Neuroscience, Personality, Emotion, Language, Alien Hand, Free Will….
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It has been declared that god is dead, that spirituality is an "opiate" for the people. And yet, there is a scientific, neurological, and genetic foundation for religious belief, spirituality, and paranormal phenomenon, including the experience of gods, demons, spirits, souls, and life after death. There is historical and scientific evidence demonstrating the participation of "god" in the destruction of previous civilizations, and in the last century, Hitler's rise to power.

And there are specific regions of the brain, the limbic system, which serve as a transmitter to god. These tissues of the mind become highly active when dreaming, during trance states, meditation, prayer, or under LSD, and enable us to experience those realms of reality normally filtered from consciousness, including the reality of god, the spirit, the soul, and life after death.

It has been known for thousands of years that dream sleep, trance states, isolation, and food and water deprivation can enhance an individual's ability to experience realms of reality which are normally filtered from conscious awareness.

Under these conditions and other mystical states, the limbic system will become highly active, and even hyper-activated, such that what is normally filtered out is perceived.

Under these conditions some claim to speak with god, others seek to transcend god, to achieve oneness with the spiritually sublime.

Limbic system structures such as the amygdala, hippocampus, and inferior temporal lobe have been repeatedly shown to subserve and provide the foundations for mystical, spiritual, and religious experience, and the perception, including the "hallucination" of ghosts, demons, spirits and sprites, and belief in demonic or angelic possession (Bear 1979; Daly 1958; Joseph, 1996, Mesulam 1981; Penfield & Perot 1963; Schenk & Bear 1981; Williams 1956). When limbic system brain areas are hyperactivated, "religious" and mystical experiences are not uncommon.

Of course, there are some who might take this to mean that these experiences are nothing more than hallucinations produced by an abnormal brain. In some instances this is true. However, rather than due to some abnormality, religious experience and the seeking of spiritual nourishment is the norm and not the exception.

For the last 50,000 years humans have sought mystical and spiritual enlightenment; sometimes through drugs, fasting, or within the hallucinogenic flames in the darkened recesses of caves and underground Paleolithic cathedrals.

It is this natural spiritual hunger and upwelling of spiritual emotion and religiosity which explains why despite decades of terror and suppression, totalitarian states such as Communist China, Cuba, and the former Soviet Union were unable and have been unable to crush spiritual and religious expression in their countries.

Hence, belief in souls, spirits, sprites, the haunted house, and angels or demons, and the capacity to have mystical experiences, including the sensation of being possessed by gods or devils or hearing their voices, is world wide.

. Humans have been demonstrating a belief in the spiritual world for over 100,000 years (Joseph, 1996, 2000a).

These historical and cross-cultural commonalties in religious and archetypal experience include viewing the swastika, triangles/pyramids, and the sign of the cross with powerful emotions and profound spiritual awe.

Other cross cultural spiritual commonalties include the experiences of demons and devils and hearing the voice of "God" or communing with the "Great Spirit", as well as the many vestiges or incarnations of what has been referred to as the personal soul or "ghost."

Some may argue, however, that from a strictly "scientific" perspective, there is no basis for religious and spiritual belief. And, there is no "god."

According to some scientists, we are but random collections of molecules that emerged from an organic soup following the big bang creation of the universe, and we evolved following the generation of random mutations. There is no room for god or spirituality in these "scientific" equations.

However, it seems curious that humans would have evolved the capacity to experience something that does not exist. Indeed, experience acts on gene selection to activate silent genes and silent traits that exist prior to their selection (Joseph, 1997, 2000b). In the absence of specific experiences, those brain structures and neurons which subserve those experiences, die and atrophy (Casagrande & Joseph, 1978, 1980; Joseph, 1982, 1998a, 1999a),. The genes generating these neurons remain silent and suppressed (Joseph, 1997, 2000b).

In this regard we should be forced to conclude that humans evolved the capacity to have religious and spiritual experiences, because these experiences acted on gene selection, thereby enabling humans to evolve specific brain structures which enabled them to more fully participate in and experience the spiritually sublime.

And yet, how do we reconcile spirituality and religiosity with the "big bang," the belief that life originated in an organic soup, and with Darwinian principles of random mutations as the basis of human evolution?

There is no need for a reconciliation, for as we shall see in later chapters, the big bang is a myth, we have no idea as to the age of the universe, the proverbial organic "alphabet" soup was missing all essential ingredients for the creation of life and DNA, whereas the Darwinian theory of evolution is refuted by genetics and the fossil record.

The big bang, organic soup, and Darwin's theory, are but myths propagated by the Temple Priests of Science; myths which have replaced previous scientific myths, which replaced those older still.

By contrast, and, as we shall see in later chapters, there is a scientific, genetic, and neurological basis for religious and spiritual experience. The brain has evolved the capacity to act as a transmitter to god. It is this neurological, genetic, as well as this spiritual foundation which explains the historical and cross-cultural commonalty in religious experience, including belief in gods, angels, demons, ghosts, and goddesses.

Presumably because all humans possess a limbic system and a brain that is organized in a similar manner, they have similar religious and mystical experiences, what Jung (1964) referred to as "archetypes." Archetypes are inborn tendencies to dream of, and respond similarly to specific images and symbols, and to experience a personal soul and the presence of god or "divine beings."

Humans have similar religious experiences because these experiences are real and are perceived in a similar manner by the same regions of the brain. Each and every human is born with a brain and mind that serves as a transmitter to god, and to the gods.

Indeed, it could be argued that the essence of "God," and of our living soul, may be dwelling within the depths of the ancient limbic lobe which is buried within the belly of the brain. And not just the soul or the Great Spirit, for in the Upanishads and Tao it is said, and as Buddha, Lao Tzu, Chuang Tzu, Jesus, the Sufis, and as Sumerian, Babylonian, Egyptian, Jewish, Arabic, Aryan, Greek, Roman, Indian, Muslim, and Gnostic mystics have proclaimed:

"The Kingdom of God is Within You."

The Origins of Life
Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Biological Big Bang

Life On Earth Came From Other Planets

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